Titles of Property in Thailand

The different titles of ownership of land in Thailand.

First of all, a foreign acquirer should be aware that there are different types of property titles in Thailand and that each of them gives rise to specific rights and greater or lesser legal guarantees.

It should also be noted that a large part of Koh Samui’s land does not have a title deed and has not been measured by an expert geometrician.

A foreigner, a potential purchaser, will then only be able to address his attention to land with a type of ownership titles called “Chanote”, Nor sor 4 Gor or Nor Sor 3 Gor, the only titles that provide their owner with legal security.

Only land benefiting from these titles may be sold, rented, mortgaged and registered with the Land Office; moreover, only property benefiting from one of these titles may be the subject of a rental lease or support the application for a building permit.

In short, before you consider buying a property, make sure with your lawyer that he or she has one of these types of ownership title.

 

“Chanote” or Nor Sor See

This ownership title is THE Thai ownership title giving you the highest legal security; in fact it is enforceable against third parties as well as local authorities because it comes from the Land Office and certifies the boundaries of the plot by having measured and defined it by GPS.

The “Chanote” plots are limited by round cement blocks of about ten centimeters in circumference, each with a specific number.

More expensive than land with other property titles, it is nevertheless a sure investment value.

 

Nor Sor 3

The ownership title Nor Sor 3 Gor has the same legal scope as the Chanote (i. e. the land is validly registered with the Land Office and the holder of this document has the right to use this land) but it is not a title deed with definite boundaries.

The boundaries of the land have simply been defined according to the limits of the neighboring land.

In the event of the acquisition of one of these properties, this transaction must be published at least 30 days before it can be registered with the Land Office.

 

It is generally possible to have a Nor Sor 3 Gor property title transformed into Chanote, we recommend that you have the property title transformed into Chanote whenever possible during the acquisition phase of your land.

 

Nor Sor 3 Gor

The main difference lies in the fact that the boundaries of this terrain are not defined by GPS but positioned on a 1/5000° scale map; moreover, the boundaries of this terrain are defined by reference to the terrain itself, but not close to the neighboring lands. This is why, when acquiring Nor Sor 3 Gor land, it will always be preferable to make a demarcation with the neighbors in order to ensure the limits and the exact capacity of the acquired plot.

It is generally possible to have a Nor Sor 3 Gor property title transformed into Chanote, we recommend that you have the property title transformed into Chanote whenever possible during the acquisition phase of your land.

 

Sor Kor 1

This title is not a property title strictly speaking, but rather a possession form intended for Thais to enable them to assert and maintain their rights on certain parcels with the Land Office.

This form is the result of an initiative by the Land Office in 1954 to ask the population to declare their land holdings to the government using this form.

The owners of these lands may request, after having proved the ownership and use of these parcels, that they be given a Nor Sor 3 Gor property title, allowing them to then use the prerogatives provided for by law.